Father Peter Whelan didn’t take sides. He was on God’s side.
The Civil War priest was known, to Confederate and Union soldiers alike, as a good man who administered to their needs.
Fr. Peter was born in Wexford and made his way to America where he was ordained a priest in 1830. He served in Charleston, South Carolina, and the See embraced North Carolina and Georgia as well. He went on to become the pastor of the first Catholic parish in Georgia and, following the death of the bishop (Francis Gartland of Dublin, the first bishop of Savannah, who died during the yellow fever epidemic of 1854), Fr. Peter became the sole administrator of the entire parish of Savannah.
When the Civil War broke, out Fr. Peter signed on as chaplain to the Montgomery Guards, an Irish company established in Savannah, for the First Georgia Volunteer Regiment. He ministered to Confederate troops during and following the capture of Fort Pulaski by Union soldiers; volunteering to stay with his men during their imprisonment on Governor’s Island, New York. He was offered early release but refused to leave the prison. After a year, he returned to Savannah and went on to administer to the prisoners at Camp Sumter Military prison at Andersonville, Georgia. Built for 6,000, Andersonville, held up to 45,000 Union soldiers as prisoners, most of them without shelter, water or food – conditions under which some 13,000 of them died.
Fr. Peter was the only priest, and he was in his sixties at the time. In fact, he was the only chaplin of any denomination to serve at Andersonville. He was tireless in his ministry: giving last rites to the dying, hearing confessions, and consoling the men in that living hell, putrid with the smell of gangrene.
At one point, officers in charge gave Fr. Peter a new suit of clothing, so threadbare and worn were his own, but he quickly gave the suit away to a soldier who had been captured in his underclothes. When asked why he hadn’t given the soldier his old threadbare suit, he answered, “When I give for Christ’s sake, I give the best.”
Fr. Peter stayed at Andersonville until the end of the war, ministering to Catholic and non-Catholic alike. Surviving letters and prison diaries are filled with admiration for the man they called “the Angel of Andersonville.”
After the war, Fr. Peter returned to Savannah as pastor of the new St. Patrick’s church. He died just a few years later, on February 6, 1871, from a lung disease he is said to have contacted at Andersonville. His funeral procession was the largest that Savannah had ever seen – stretching two miles.
Though it was known that Fr. Peter was from Wexford (Savannah and the surrounding area was heavily populated with immigrants from Wexford), it wasn’t until recently that his homeplace was identified.
This past summer, a family in Clongeen, Foulksmills, Co. Wexford discovered a photo of Fr. Whelan in their home. Since then, a complete family tree has been put together. And this past August 18, two plaques honoring Fr. Whelan were unveiled: one at his homestead, and one at Clongeen Church. The unveilings were attended by relatives of Fr. Whelan and a group of invited guests from Savannah. The “Angel of Andersonville” is now remembered on both sides of the Atlantic, and a plaque honoring Fr. Peter also stands at the site of the former Andersonville prison, now a historic site. It serves as a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the nation’s history.
Fr. Whelan, Angel of Andersonville, is Honored in Wexford
October / November 2013
Father Peter Whelan didn’t take sides. He was on God’s side.
JACK HEGARTY says
ACCORDING TO A CIVIL WAR DIARY PRINTED AS “EYE OF THE STORM” BY ROBERT SNEDEN,THERE WERE 2 CATHOLIC PRIESTS SERVING THE PRISONERS AT ANDERSONVILLE,BESIDES FATHER WHALEN FATHER WILLIAM HAMILTON WAS ALSO THERE.
Mark Hale says
There were actually 7 priests who served at Andersonville. In addition to Fr. Whelan who was there for 4 months, and Fr. Hamilton who discovered the prison and was there for about 2 weeks, Fr. Henry Clavereul served for 36 days in July and August before getting sick and being sent away by Fr. Whelan, Bishop Augustine Verot and his Vicar General Fr. Dufan were there for two weeks. Also serving 2 weeks each were Fr. John Kirby from Augusta, and Fr. Anselm Usannez from Mobile.
All this can be found in two sources: “Fr. Whelan of Ft. Pulaski and Andersonville” by Fr. Peter Meaney, OSB; Georgia Historical Quarterly, Spring 1987, and the Diary of Henry Clavereul, Andersonville NHS.
John F. Early says
I remember the book “Andersonville” which is by Mackinley Cantor, I believe was the author’s name. A horrific prison camp, the acting commandant was executed after the war for negligence and cruelty.
Sandra Loughman says
My brother and I recently visited County Wexford, Ireland this past October. We were on a quest to find the birth villages for our 3rd great grandparents, John Kelley and Mary Catherine Whelan On the next trip to Ireland, Clongeen will be on the list to pay homage to Father Whelan.
It is ironic that Patrick Kelley (B1802 Canada), son of John and Mary (B Ireland) settled in Caribou, Maine. Patrick’s son, Lawrence (24 yrs old) was in the Maine 11th Infantry Co D and sent to Andersonville as
a prisoner of war. Lawrence died shortly before the war ended and it’s a comfort to think that Father Whelan might have been with Lawrence when he took his last breath of life. Lawrence, buried at Andersonville National Cemetery, is a long way from home.
Both Father Whelan and Lawrence are remembered tonight for their courage to help mankind during times of destitution.
Gemma Bernard says
I am presently working on a project on Fr. Whelan. I have visited Andersonville, seen Fort Pulaski from a distance, and visited Fr. Whelan’s simple grave. If ever in Ireland, Fr. Whelan’s birthplace in Clongeen will be my next stop.
As a strong Catholic, GA native and an Irish descendant (from counties Cork and Wexford), I have felt very close to Fr. Whelan throughout my research of him. It has been a thrilling pleasure to continue finding out more of this hidden saint.
If anyone could provide me details about him, such as what number child
he was in his family, or other family tree facts, please reply with them.
C. Domme says
In my historical fiction novel, The Diamond Teardrop Illusion, I make Father Peter Whelan the leader of a dozen priests who escape from the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in 1941. He says to all the others, “surely God is with us and not them (the Nazis)”